This article provides a preliminary study of educational pathways available to film sound personnel working in Australia and New Zealand through semi-structured interviews and analysis of institutional materials on educational opportunities. A production cultures approach (Caldwell 2008) reveals that although there are a variety of paths available for future personnel, those within the industry have firm views on which paths should be undertaken. Within this paper, formal education will encompass tertiary coursework and private tuition, while practical education will refer to apprenticeships, workshops, learning on the job and self-training. The discussion of education and training brings to light the stance of the industry towards education. It is important to take these perspectives into account if we are to provide education programmes that encourage pathways to employment among other outcomes. Industry trends, such as the closure of production facilities or changes in task allocation, influence education and training. Through an analysis of interviewee responses and their perspectives, as well as preliminary examination of what educational courses are offered within Australia and New Zealand through online analysis, the article presents ideas on current and future education pathways for film sound personnel.