This chapter presents the results of spatial analysis conducted on a surface survey data from the Tundzha Regional Archaeology Project (TRAP) in the Kazanlak Valley. It characterises the dynamics of settlement patterns in the valley and reviews factors contributing to them. Diachronic variation in the spatial distribution of human activities in the Kazanlak Valley indicates that both natural and social drivers shaped the locational preferences of past communities within this intermontane landscape. In most periods, site distributions depart from spatial randomness. In the long term, site numbers periodically grow and decline, pointing to changing demographic trends and habitation preferences. Prehistoric settlement patterns seem governed by environmental and economic factors, while socio-political circumstances dominate historical periods. Site dispersal and aggregation are correlated with shifts of political autonomy from local communities to supra-regional polities and vice versa. Given the limitations of survey data and the diachronic approach, the analysis provides a bird’s-eye view of developments in Kazanlak. These results provide context for future explorations of specific periods and sites at a finer scale using other approaches.
|Title of host publication||The Tundzha Regional Archaeology Project|
|Subtitle of host publication||Surface Survey, Palaeoecology, and Associated Studies in Central and Southeast Bulgaria, 2009-2015 Final Report|
|Editors||Shawn Ross, Adela Sobotkova, Georgi Nekhrizov, Julia Tzvetkova, Simon Connor|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
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- spatial statistics
- multi-scalar analysis
- diachronic settlement patterns
- cultural and environmental history