Spatial variability of pyroxenite layers in the Beni Bousera orogenic peridotite (Morocco) and implications for their origin

Kamar Chetouani, Jean Louis Bodinier, Carlos J. Garrido, Claudio Marchesi, Isma Amri, Kamal Targuisti

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10 Citations (Scopus)
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The Beni Bousera peridotite contains a diversity of pyroxenite layers. Several studies have postulated that at least some of them represent elongated strips of oceanic lithosphere recycled in the convective mantle. Some pyroxenites were, however, ascribed to igneous crystal segregation or melt-rock reactions. To further constrain the origin of these rocks, we collected 171 samples throughout the massif and examined their variability in relation with the tectono-metamorphic domains. A major finding is that all facies showing clear evidence for a crustal origin are concentrated in a narrow corridor of mylonitized peridotites, along the contact with granulitic country rocks. These peculiar facies were most likely incorporated at the mantle-crust boundary during the orogenic events that culminated in the peridotite exhumation. The other pyroxenites derive from a distinct protolith that was ubiquitous in the massif before its exhumation. They were deeply modified by partial melting and melt-rock reactions associated with lithospheric thinning. (C) 2016 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-629
Number of pages11
JournalComptes Rendus Geoscience
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Publisher 2016. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • Crustal recycling
  • Melt-rock reaction
  • Mantle pyroxenite
  • Orogenic peridotite
  • Beni Bousera


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