Spatial variability of source composition and petrogenesis in rift and rift flank alkaline lavas from the Eger Rift, Central Europe

Karsten M. Haase*, Christoph Beier, Marcel Regelous, Vladislav Rapprich, Axel Renno

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geochemical data on Oligocene melilititic and nephelinitic rocks from the northern Eger Rift flank in Central Europe reveal significant differences to nephelinites and basanites of volcanic complexes in the rift axis. The mafic rift flank lavas are more enriched in TiO2, P2O5 and CaO but have lower SiO2 compared to the alkaline volcanic rocks in the Eger Rift. The differences in major element compositions imply (1) lower degrees of partial melting beneath the rift flank than beneath the rift axis evident from lower SiO2 and higher (Ce/Yb)N ratios in the off-axis basalts and (2) different assemblages of fractional crystallization. The mafic rift flank magmas experienced crystal fractionation of olivine followed by clinopyroxene fractionation in contrast to early simultaneous olivine and clinopyroxene fractionation in the magmas below the rift basin. In addition, assimilation of continental crustal rocks is associated with crystal fractionation and changes the composition of the lavas. The rift axis lavas are enriched in Nb and Ba relative to La and have higher Sr and lower Nd isotope ratios than the rift flank magmas indicating different mantle sources. The melting zones beneath the rift axis and the rift flank region are separated although they are only some 20km apart and no melt exchange between the magma systems is observed. All magmas probably experienced mixing between a deep carbonatitic and a shallower low-degree silicate melt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-314
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Geology
Volume455
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Continental rifting
  • Crustal assimilation
  • Fractional crystallization
  • Intraplate volcanism
  • Magma formation

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