Spatial variation in age structure among colonies of a marine snake: the influence of ectothermy

Xavier Bonnet*, François Brischoux, David Pinaud, Catherine Louise Michel, Jean Clobert, Richard Shine, Thomas Fauvel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Several tetrapod lineages that have evolved to exploit marine environments (e.g. seals, seabirds, sea kraits) continue to rely upon land for reproduction and, thus, form dense colonies on suitable islands. In birds and mammals (endotherms), the offspring cannot survive without their parents. Terrestrial colonies contain all age classes. In reptiles (ectotherms), this constraint is relaxed, because offspring are independent from birth. Hence, each age class has the potential to select sites with characteristics that favour them. Our studies of sea snakes (sea kraits) in the lagoon of New Caledonia reveal marked spatial heterogeneity in age structure among colonies. Sea krait colonies exhibit the endothermic 'seal-seabird' pattern (mixed-age classes within populations) only where the lagoon is narrow. Where the lagoon is wide, most snake colonies are comprised primarily of a single age cohort. Nurseries are located near the coast, adult colonies offshore and mixed colonies in-between. We suggest that ectothermy allows individuals to utilize habitats that are best suited to their own ecological requirements, a flexibility not available to endothermic marine taxa with obligate parental care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-933
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Animal Ecology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • colony
  • dispersal
  • Laticauda
  • marine tetrapods
  • population
  • sea snakes


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