Speakership asymmetry during topic talk involving a person with aphasia

Scott Edward Barnes, Alison Ferguson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper uses Conversation Analysis to investigate the organization of topic talk during interactions involving a person with aphasia (Valerie). Approximately three and a half hours of everyday conversation between Valerie and her conversation partners was collected and analysed. It was found that Valerie's conversation partners took on primary speakership more often during topic talk, and held the floor for longer periods of time. It is argued that this pattern was the product of weak alignment with Valerie's topic talk initiations, trouble that arose during Valerie's extended turns, and Valerie's promotion of speakership for her conversation partners. These observations point towards the importance of conversation partners' conduct in promoting the success of extended turns produced by people with aphasia. Finally, it is suggested that the findings of interaction-focused research can help specify and expand notions of functional communication.
LanguageEnglish
Pages27-46
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of interactional research in communication disorders
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

speech disorder
asymmetry
conversation
human being
conversation analysis
interaction
promotion
organization
communication

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Conversation Analysis
  • Topic
  • Functional communication

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper uses Conversation Analysis to investigate the organization of topic talk during interactions involving a person with aphasia (Valerie). Approximately three and a half hours of everyday conversation between Valerie and her conversation partners was collected and analysed. It was found that Valerie's conversation partners took on primary speakership more often during topic talk, and held the floor for longer periods of time. It is argued that this pattern was the product of weak alignment with Valerie's topic talk initiations, trouble that arose during Valerie's extended turns, and Valerie's promotion of speakership for her conversation partners. These observations point towards the importance of conversation partners' conduct in promoting the success of extended turns produced by people with aphasia. Finally, it is suggested that the findings of interaction-focused research can help specify and expand notions of functional communication.",
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Speakership asymmetry during topic talk involving a person with aphasia. / Barnes, Scott Edward; Ferguson, Alison.

In: Journal of interactional research in communication disorders, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2012, p. 27-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Ferguson, Alison

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AB - This paper uses Conversation Analysis to investigate the organization of topic talk during interactions involving a person with aphasia (Valerie). Approximately three and a half hours of everyday conversation between Valerie and her conversation partners was collected and analysed. It was found that Valerie's conversation partners took on primary speakership more often during topic talk, and held the floor for longer periods of time. It is argued that this pattern was the product of weak alignment with Valerie's topic talk initiations, trouble that arose during Valerie's extended turns, and Valerie's promotion of speakership for her conversation partners. These observations point towards the importance of conversation partners' conduct in promoting the success of extended turns produced by people with aphasia. Finally, it is suggested that the findings of interaction-focused research can help specify and expand notions of functional communication.

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KW - Topic

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