Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS) is an exceptionally rare craniosynostosis syndrome characterized by radiohumeral synostosis present from the perinatal period. There is a wide spectrum of anomalies seen within ABS, and other features include midface hypoplasia; choanal stenosis or atresia; multiple joint contractures; visceral anomalies, particularly of the genitourinary system; and impaired steroidogenesis. The condition of ABS is curious in that mutations of 2 separate genes have been identified and that there seem to be subtle phenotypic differences between the 2 genotypes. Mutations of the P450 oxidoreductase gene have been reported in those patients with genital anomalies and/or impaired steroidogenesis, and the S351C mutation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene has been reported predominantly in those patients with normal genitalia and steroidogenesis. We report a series of 4 patients with ABS and review their main findings and management.
- Antley-Bixler syndrome