Spin transition and equations of state of (Mg, Fe)O solid solutions

Yingwei Fei, Li Zhang, Alexandre Corgne, Heather Watson, Angele Ricolleau, Yue Meng, Vitali Prakapenka

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    We have performed a series of experiments to investigate the compositional effect on the compression behavior of (Mg, Fe)O solid solutions at high pressure. The in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction data revealed abnormal volume contractions at about 40, 60, and 80 GPa for(Mg₀.₈₀, Fe₀.₂₀)O, (Mg₀.₆₁, Fe₀.₃₉)O, and (Mg₀.₄₂, Fe₀.₅₈)O, respectively. The volume contractions are associated with the reported electronic transition of high-spin to low-spin in Fe²⁺, and caused by the reduction of Fe²⁺ ionic radius across the transition. A least-squares fit of the compression data to the Birch-Murnaghan equation of state yielded bulk modulus K₀ (GPa) = 160 - 10X[FeO] for the high-spin (Mg,Fe)O and K₀ = 170(3) GPa for the low-spin (Mg,Fe)O. The equations of state of (Mg,Fe)O established in this study are directly applicable to the Earth’s lower mantle in composition and pressure ranges and provide essential data for modeling the density profile of the lower mantle.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)L17307-
    Number of pages5
    JournalGeophysical Research Letters
    Issue number17
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


    • spin transition
    • equation of state
    • density of the lower mantle

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