In order to develop spin traps with an optimal ratio between hydrophilic and lipophilic properties, low toxicity, and high stability of spin adducts (especially with superoxide radicals), several EMPO-derived spin traps have recently been synthesized forming more stable superoxide adducts (t1/2 > 20 min) than DMPO or DEPMPO. In this study, ESR-, 1H-, and 13C-NMR data of several phenyl- or n-pentyl-substituted EMPO derivatives are presented with full signal assignment. Methyl groups at position 3 or 4 stabilized the superoxide adducts considerably. Spin adducts from other oxygen- and carbon-centered radicals (e.g., derived from methanol or linoleic acid hydroperoxide) are also described.
- EMPO derivatives
- Spin trapping