Spiralling up or spinning out

A guide for reflecting on action research practice

Richard J. Badham*, Andrew J. Sense

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


This paper offers a theoretical 'action research spiral' model to guide reflection on the dual client focus of action research. While theoretically exploring and highlighting the tensions and dilemmas created by this dual client focus, this paper will argue for a greater degree of reflection on action research practice and utilize vignettes from action research cases to illustrate those reflective processes. It is concluded that further discussion and reflection on the process of action research is an important component of social science's contribution to phronetic knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-377
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Social Research Methodology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Spiralling up or spinning out: A guide for reflecting on action research practice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this