Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic systematics in the Archean low- to high-grade transition zone of southern India

syn-accretion vs. post-accretion granulites

J. J. Peucat, P. Vidal, J. Bernard-Griffiths, K. C. Condie

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293 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low-pressure charnockites, their tonalitic precursors, and syn-metamorphic granites in the granulite facies transition zone south of Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu, India, define single Rb/Sr and Sm/Nd isochrons at, respectively, 2463±65 and 2455±121Ma. Rb depletion occurred at this time, while Sm/Nd ratios were not significatively changed. Common lead ratios are identical for the granitic and tonalitic gneisses as well as the low-pressure charnockites; they are very unradiogenic (206Pb/204Pb: 14.5 to 15.5), indicating U depletion around 2500Ma ago. These data suggest 1) that granulites derive from a 2.5Ga-out crust and 2) the time elapsed between the crust-forming event and the metamorphism was short. The geochronological relationships observed in Tamil Nadu suggest that tonalitic precursors and charnockites may have formed simultaneously in the same geodynamic context (probably involving subduction) during the storage of tonalitic magmas. This category of syn-accretion granulite, often observed in the Archean and Lower Proterozoic, would be genetically different from a second type (possibly illustrated by the Biligirirangan rocks) where the time elapsed between crustal formation and metamorphism is very long. The latter would be explained better by collisional or hot-spot models. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-549
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Geology
Volume97
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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