Starfish (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) from the Faroe Islands

spatial distribution and abundance

H. Ringvold*, T. Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

"Marine benthic fauna of the Faroe Islands" (BIOFAR) is a large programme with a focus on collecting invertebrate fauna from the Faroes (62°N and 7°W). Cruises were undertaken from 1987 to 1990, and starfish (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) collected during this time were analysed. Asteroidea were sampled at ~50% of all BIOFAR stations. A Detritus sledge and a Triangular dredge proved to be the most efficient equipment, collecting over 60% of the specimens. In total 2473 specimens were collected from 20 to 1500. m depth, including 41 species from 17 families and 31 genera. Henricia pertusa (O. F. Müller, 1776) group, Pontaster tenuispinus (Düben & Koren, 1846), and Leptychaster arcticus (M. Sars, 1851) showed highest relative abundance. Maximum species diversity was found at 500-700. m depth, which coincides with the transition zone of water masses (North Icelandic Winter Water and Arctic Intermediate Water (NI/AI)) at approximately 400-600. m depth. 63% of the species were recorded at an average-weighted depth above 600. m. Two different ordination methods (detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) and nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS)) gave highly consistent representations of the community structure gradients. The first ordination axis scores did not show significant relationships with any environmental variable. Biological covariates like the presence of Lophelia corals were not significantly related to ordination scores on any axis. The second ordination axis scores were significantly correlated with depth. Temperature and salinity were highly correlated (r = 0.90), and both negatively correlated with depth (r = -0.69 and r = -0.57, respectively).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-30
Number of pages9
JournalDeep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asteroidea
  • Echinodermata
  • Faroe Islands
  • BIOFAR
  • distribution
  • abundance
  • NMDS

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