State-level culture and workplace diversity policies: Evidence from US firms

Sivathaasan Nadarajah, Muhammad Atif*, Ammar Ali Gull

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the effect of state-level culture in the US on the adoption of firms’ workplace diversity policies. Using firm-level panel data (1592 firm-year observations) over the period 2011–2014, we document that firms in highly individualistic states are less likely to adopt workplace diversity policies, which in turn negatively affects firm performance. Our results are robust to alternative variables and econometric specifications. Our findings provide insights into the contemporary debate on the economic aspects of workplace diversity policies for firms operating in different cultural backgrounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-462
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Issue number2
Early online date15 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Culture
  • Workplace diversity policies
  • Firm performance


Dive into the research topics of 'State-level culture and workplace diversity policies: Evidence from US firms'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this