Statistical learning and auditory processing in children with music training

an ERP study

Pragati Rao Mandikal Vasuki*, Mridula Sharma, Ronny Ibrahim, Joanne Arciuli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective
The question whether musical training is associated with enhanced auditory and cognitive abilities in children is of considerable interest. In the present study, we compared children with music training versus those without music training across a range of auditory and cognitive measures, including the ability to detect implicitly statistical regularities in input (statistical learning).

Methods
Statistical learning of regularities embedded in auditory and visual stimuli was measured in musically trained and age-matched untrained children between the ages of 9–11 years. In addition to collecting behavioural measures, we recorded electrophysiological measures to obtain an online measure of segmentation during the statistical learning tasks.

Results
Musically trained children showed better performance on melody discrimination, rhythm discrimination, frequency discrimination, and auditory statistical learning. Furthermore, grand-averaged ERPs showed that triplet onset (initial stimulus) elicited larger responses in the musically trained children during both auditory and visual statistical learning tasks. In addition, children’s music skills were associated with performance on auditory and visual behavioural statistical learning tasks.

Conclusion
Our data suggests that individual differences in musical skills are associated with children’s ability to detect regularities.

Significance
The ERP data suggest that musical training is associated with better encoding of both auditory and visual stimuli. Although causality must be explored in further research, these results may have implications for developing music-based remediation strategies for children with learning impairments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1270-1281
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume128
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • musical training
  • statistical learning
  • SL
  • musical skills
  • event-related potentials
  • ERPs

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