Status and progress of membrane contactors in post-combustion carbon capture

A state-of-the-art review of new developments

Shuaifei Zhao*, Paul H M Feron, Liyuan Deng, Eric Favre, Elodie Chabanon, Shuiping Yan, Jingwei Hou, Vicki Chen, Hong Qi

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    129 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Post-combustion carbon capture (PCC), which can be retrofitted to existing units in power plants worldwide, is regarded as the first technologically feasible and effective way to combat human-induced climate change. The membrane contactor is an emerging and promising membrane technology for PCC as it integrates the benefits of both liquid absorption (high selectivity) and membrane separation (modularity and compactness). This review aims to provide a state-of-the-art assessment of the research work carried out so far on membrane contactor technology in PCC. It details common aspects of membrane contactors, such as technological advantages, membrane wetting, mass transfer and module design, as well as new advances (e.g., new membranes and absorbents used in absorption processes) and novel applications (e.g., direct CO2 stripping and integrated heat recovery in desorption processes). Moreover, the difference in performance between membrane absorption and conventional absorption is also compared and discussed. Lastly, we discuss the status and progress of membrane contactors in PCC and offer some recommendations for future work. This paper provides a clear overview on the recent developments of membrane contactor technology in PCC.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)180-206
    Number of pages27
    JournalJournal of Membrane Science
    Volume511
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

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