An uncritical compilation of New Zealand Mollusca by Spencer and Willan in 1996 cites 90 species of cephalopod as recorded from New Zealand waters (excluding the Kermadec Islands) to 31 December 1993. Seventeen of these 90 species are octopods and the status of five is in need of immediate revision. Pareledone sp. and Octopus sp. have since been transferred to the genera Graneledone and Benthoctopus, respectively, although both species await description. Haliphron atlanticus Steenstrup, 1860 (as Alloposus mollis Verrill, 1880), Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814, and Octopus dofleini (Wulker, 1910) are cited as occurring within New Zealand waters solely on the basis of identification of beaks or tissue remains from gut contents of longdistance foraging marine predators. The appropriateness of including these three species in the New Zealand fauna is evaluated in the light of thorough examination of extensive cephalopod collections from New Zealand waters.
- Marine predators
- New Zealand