Stellar diameters and temperatures - VI. High angular resolution measurements of the transiting exoplanet host stars HD 189733 and HD 209458 and implications for models of cool dwarfs

Tabetha Boyajian*, Kaspar von Braun, Gregory A. Feiden, Daniel Huber, Sarbani Basu, Pierre Demarque, Debra A. Fischer, Gail Schaefer, Andrew W. Mann, Timothy R. White, Vicente Maestro, John Brewer, C. Brooke Lamell, Federico Spada, Mercedes López-Morales, Michael Ireland, Chris Farrington, Gerard T. van Belle, Stephen R. Kane, Jeremy JonesTheo A. ten Brummelaar, David R. Ciardi, Harold A. McAlister, Stephen Ridgway, P. J. Goldfinger, Nils H. Turner, Laszlo Sturmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present direct radii measurements of the well-known transiting exoplanet host stars HD 189733 and HD 209458 using the CHARA Array interferometer. We find the limbdarkened angular diameters to be θLD = 0.3848 ± 0.0055 and 0.2254 ± 0.0072 mas for HD 189733 and HD 209458, respectively. HD 189733 and HD 209458 are currently the only two transiting exoplanet systems where detection of the respective planetary companion's orbital motion from high-resolution spectroscopy has revealed absolute masses for both star and planet. We use our new measurements together with the orbital information from radial velocity and photometric time series data, Hipparcos distances, and newly measured bolometric fluxes to determine the stellar effective temperatures (Teff = 4875 ± 43, 6092 ± 103 K), stellar linear radii (R* =0.805±0.016, 1.203±0.061 R), mean stellar densities (ρ* =1.62±0.11, 0.58 ± 0.14 ρ), planetary radii (Rp = 1.216 ± 0.024, 1.451 ± 0.074 RJup), and mean planetary densities (ρp = 0.605 ± 0.029, 0.196 ± 0.033 ρJup) for HD 189733b and HD 209458b, respectively. The stellar parameters for HD 209458, an F9 dwarf, are consistent with indirect estimates derived from spectroscopic and evolutionary modelling. However, we find that models are unable to reproduce the observational results for the K2 dwarf, HD 189733. We show that, for stellar evolutionary models to match the observed stellar properties of HD 189733, adjustments lowering the solar-calibrated mixing-length parameter to αMLT =1.34 need to be employed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-857
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume447
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Infrared: stars
  • stars: fundamental parameters
  • Stars: individual: HD 189733
  • Stars: individual: HD 209458
  • Stars: late-type
  • Techniques: interferometric

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