Stereotype threat

Diane M. Quinn, Rachel W. Kallen, Steven J. Spencer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)


Stereotype threat occurs when people are in a situation where a negative identity-based stereotype can be applied to their performance. Concern about the stereotype can lead to decreased performance on a stereotype-relevant task. Initial research examined stereotype threat for African-Americans in intellectual testing situations and for women in math testing situations. In the current chapter, we review the following: (1) The generalizability of stereotype threat effects. (2) Research examining whether stereotypes are activated in stereotype-threat situations. (3) The mediating processes between a situation of threat and an inferior performance outcome. (4) The role of varying group identities in stereotype threat outcomes. (5) The effect of ‘stereotype lift,’ whereby positively stereotyped group members seem to gain a boost in performance in stereotype threat situations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe SAGE handbook of prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination
EditorsJ Dovidio, M Hewstone, P Glick, V Esses
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherSAGE Publications
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781446248386
ISBN (Print)9781446270486, 9781412934534
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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