A volume of 21 chapters offering an introduction to the emerging area of evolutionary cognitive neuroscience is presented. The volume is divided into six parts, where parts 1 and 2 present the evolutionary groundwork, parts 3-5 examine particular areas of cognition that are important to humans as a species, and part 6 offers theory about the morality. A chapter by Robin Dunbar on the basics of cognitive and brain evolution is one of the better entries, which explains some complex neurology. Chapter 12 by David Puts, Steven Gaulin, and Marc Breedlove on sex differences in spatial abilities is praiseworthy. Chapter 8 by Russell Fernald examines the social control of reproduction in fishes in semi-natural settings using multiple techniques. There are two weaknesses of this volume, including a tendency to oversimplify and overstate, and a lack of clear focus.