Stress evolution and seismic hazard on the Maqin-Maqu segment of East Kunlun Fault zone from co-, post-and interseismic stress changes

Bin Shan, Xiong Xiong, Rongjiang Wang, Yong Zheng, R. B S Yadav

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The East Kunlun Fault zone, striking E-W to WNW-ESE, has been recognized as one of the largest and most active left-lateral strike-slip faults in the China continent. Presently, the Maqin-Maqu segment (MMS) is recognized as a seismic gap on the East Kunlun Fault. Since several highly populated counties are close to this region, understanding stress transfer and accumulation along this segment is important for hazard assessment along the MMS. In this study, we calculated the stress evolution along the MMS of the East Kunlun Fault zone during 1879-2008 by integrating coseismic effects, viscoelastic relaxation and tectonic loading. It is observed that the stress accumulation on the western part of the Maqin segment has been effected by the 1937 Tuosuo Lake earthquake, the stress on the eastern part of the Maqin segment. Also, the western part of the Maqu segment was relaxed by the 1947 Dari earthquake, and the stress loading on the eastern part of Maqu segment was increased by both the 1879 Wudu and 2008 Wenchuan earthquakes. It is observed that, compared to coseismic static stress changes, the post-seismic viscoelastic relaxation process has played a more important role on stress accumulation in the Maqu segment. The increased stress on the Maqin and Maqu segment is consistent with tectonic loading over 160 and 250 yr, respectively, which we expect will lead to future earthquakes and associated seismic hazard on these segments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-253
Number of pages10
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume200
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Early warning
  • Earthquake dynamics
  • Earthquake interaction
  • Forecasting
  • Prediction

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