Structural determinants of antibiotic allergy

B. A. Baldo*, Z. Zhao, N. H. Pham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Allergies to antibiotics, mainly the beta-lactam antibiotics (penicillins and cephalosporins), are a common, costly, and potentially dangerous clinical problem encountered in everyday practice. Although studies on the role of non-beta-lactam antibiotics in allergic diseases, particularly the development of specific diagnostic tests and the immunochemical identification of allergenic structures, have been too few and relatively superficial, the situation with the beta-lactam antibiotics is much more advanced. Good progress has been made in identifying the spectra of allergenic determinants recognized by IgE antibodies in the sera of subjects sensitized to penicillins and cephalosporins, and this is aiding the development of an appropriate battery of drug conjugates for use as diagnostic agents. Patient-sensitivity responses to the beta-lactam antibiotics are frequently heterogeneous, and this factor must be taken into account for any diagnostic strategy or future therapy with a penicillin or cephalosporin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent allergy reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


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