Studies in the system MgO-SiO2-CO2-H2O(I): The activity-product constant of chrysotile

P. B. Hostetler*, C. L. Christ

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Chrysotile dissolves congruently in water according to the reaction: Mg3Si2O6(OH)4c + 5H2Ol = 3Mgaq 2+ + 6OHaq - + 2H4SiO4aq. Experimental determination of the activity-product constant of chrysotile, Kchr = [Mg2+]3[OH-]6[H4SiO4aq]2, at 90°C, yields the value of Kchr = 10-49.2 ± 100.5. A synthetic sample and a natural sample from New Idria, California, were used in the determination. Values of Kchr were calculated for temperatures ranging from 0°C to 200°C, using the thermochemical data of King et al. (1967) for chrysotile and antigorite, various solubility data for silica, and ionic partial molal heat capacities estimated by the method of criss and Cobble (1964a). Kchr is 10-54.1 at 0°C, rises to a maximum value of 10-48.5 at approximately 135°C, and is 10-49.1 at 200°C (all values for the three-phase system, chrysotile plus solution plus vapor). The calculated 90°C value is 10-49.1, in excellent agreement with the experimental value; for 25°C, the calculated value is 10-50.8.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-497
Number of pages13
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1968
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Studies in the system MgO-SiO2-CO2-H2O(I): The activity-product constant of chrysotile'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this