Chrysotile dissolves congruently in water according to the reaction: Mg3Si2O6(OH)4c + 5H2Ol = 3Mgaq 2+ + 6OHaq - + 2H4SiO4aq. Experimental determination of the activity-product constant of chrysotile, Kchr = [Mg2+]3[OH-]6[H4SiO4aq]2, at 90°C, yields the value of Kchr = 10-49.2 ± 100.5. A synthetic sample and a natural sample from New Idria, California, were used in the determination. Values of Kchr were calculated for temperatures ranging from 0°C to 200°C, using the thermochemical data of King et al. (1967) for chrysotile and antigorite, various solubility data for silica, and ionic partial molal heat capacities estimated by the method of criss and Cobble (1964a). Kchr is 10-54.1 at 0°C, rises to a maximum value of 10-48.5 at approximately 135°C, and is 10-49.1 at 200°C (all values for the three-phase system, chrysotile plus solution plus vapor). The calculated 90°C value is 10-49.1, in excellent agreement with the experimental value; for 25°C, the calculated value is 10-50.8.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta|
|Publication status||Published - May 1968|