Studies on the metal amide bond 21. Metal complexes of chiral phenyl-substituted bis-picolinamide tetradentates

Ronald R. Fenton*, Frederick S. Stephens, Robert S. Vagg, Peter A. Williams

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    Two new C-phenyl bis-picolinamide tetradentates, N, N'-bis(2-pyridinecarboxamide)-1, 2-diphenyIethane (bpstienH2) and N, N'-bis(2-pyridinecarboxamide)phenylethane (bpstyenH2) together with their deprotonated complexes of bivalent Cu, Ni and Pd have been prepared and characterised. A crystallographic analysis of the two copper(II) complexes is reported, with the S-bpstyenH2 ligand found to be susceptible to racemisation under the warm basic conditions used in the syntheses. {[N, N'-Bis(2-pyridinecarboxamido)-S’, S-l, 2-diphenylethane]copper(II)}, C26H,0N4O2Cu is monoclinic, spacegroup P2, (No. 4), with a = 11.170(3), b = 10.853(4), c = 18.570(7) Å, β= 103.74(3)°, Z = 4, with two molecules in the asymmetric unit. The structure was refined to R = 0.039 for 2519 reflexions. Each molecule is five coordinate with the fifth position occupied by an amide oxygen atom of a neighbouring molecule. These Cu-O(amide) distances are 2.554(7) and 2.757(6) Å. The stereochemistry of molecule 1 closely resembles a square-based pyramid, whereas that for molecule 2 approximates a distorted trigonal bipyramid. In each case the central five-membered chelate ring has a X conformation with the two phenyl substituents occupying the axial positions in a rare configuration. {Aqua[N, N'-bis(2-pyridinecarboxamido)phenylethane]-copper(II)}-sesquihydrate, C20H21N4O4 5Cu, is monoclinic, space group P21/c (No. 14), with a= 12.122(4), b= 10.691(2), c= 15.952(4) Å, β = 110.76(2)°, Z = 4. The structure was refined to R — 0.046 for 1939 reflexions. The stereochemistry of the five-coordinate copper atom approximates a square pyramid with the copper atom displaced 0.26 A towards the apical water molecule (Cu-O 2.251(5) Å). In the enantiomer containing S-bpstyen the central five-membered chelate ring has a 5 conformation with the phenyl substituent occupying an equatorial position. In solution the palladium(II) and nickel(II) deprotonated metal complexes of the S, S- and S- ligand forms are shown by 1H NMR analysis, in conjunction with their chiroptical properties, to each have a λgauche central chelate ring conformation with the phenyl substituent(s) occupying axial positions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)291-311
    Number of pages21
    JournalJournal of Coordination Chemistry
    Issue number1-4
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 1991


    • amides
    • copper complexes
    • optical activity
    • tetradentates
    • X-ray structures


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