Subband time-frequency image texture features for robust audio surveillance

Roneel V. Sharan, Tom J. Moir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we utilize time-frequency image representations of sound signals for feature extraction in an audio surveillance application. Starting with the conventional spectrogram images, we consider a new feature which is based on image texture analysis. It utilizes the gray-level co-occurrence matrix, which captures the distribution of co-occurring values at a given offset. We refer this as the spectrogram image texture feature. Texture analysis is carried out in subbands and experimented on a sound database containing ten classes with each sound class containing multiple subclasses. The proposed feature was seen to be more noise robust than two commonly used cepstral features, mel-frequency cepstral coefficients and gammatone cepstral coefficients, the spectrogram image feature (SIF), where central moments are extracted as features, and a variation of SIF with reduced feature dimension. In addition, we achieved a significant improvement in classification accuracy for the three time-frequency image features by utilizing a gammatone filter-based time-frequency image, referred as cochleagram image, for feature extraction instead of the spectrogram image. A combination of cepstral and cochleagram image features also gave improvement in the classification performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7206602
Pages (from-to)2605-2615
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Audio surveillance
  • cochleagram
  • gammatone filter
  • gray-level co-occurrence matrix
  • spectrogram
  • support vector machines


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