Substantive formal equality in EU non-discrimination law

Marc De Vos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter explores standout CJEU cases that embrace substantive equality in direct and indirect discrimination. It explores how the CJEU has promoted substantive equality in cases of non-discriminatory differential treatment,
and through positive action or discrimination. It shows how formal EU equality law
has gradually been retooled towards substantive equality aims.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe European Union as protector and promoter of equality
EditorsThomas Giegerich
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9783030437640
ISBN (Print)9783030437633
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameEuropean Union and its Neighbours in a Globalized World
ISSN (Print)2524-8928
ISSN (Electronic)2524-8936


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