Successful use of surfactant to treat severe intrapulmonary hemorrhage after iatrogenic lung injury - A case report

Nikolaus A. Haas*, Karthikeyan Kulasekaran, Christoph K. Camphausen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To describe the beneficial clinical effect of the use of surfactant in a patient with severe unilateral pulmonary hemorrhage after iatrogenic lung injury during corrective surgery for congenital heart defects. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital. PATIENT: An 11-wk-old boy. INTERVENTIONS: Intratracheal instillation of 4 mL (100 mg) of surfactant (Survanta) per kilogram of body weight to treat profound and refractory hypoxia and hypercapnia despite high-ventilation pressures, high respiratory rate, and the use of nitric oxide caused by severe pulmonary hemorrhage and atelectasis. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The aggressive ventilation variables could be reduced within the following 2 hrs after surfactant use (from Fio2 0.8, peak inspiratory pressure 36 cm, positive end-expiratory pressure 10 cm, respiratory rate 50, tidal volume 63 mL, and nitric oxide 10 ppm to Fio2 0.4, peak inspiratory pressure 28 cm, positive end-expiratory pressure 10, respiratory rate 40, tidal volume 38 mL, and nitric oxide 5 ppm). There was rapid improvement of clinical variables (inotropic support, chest radiograph) as well as oxygenation (Pao2 from 56 to 149 mm Hg), CO2 exchange (Paco2 from 85 to 39 mm Hg), and acidosis (from pH 7.13 to 7.44). CONCLUSIONS: The administration of surfactant may be a promising approach to treat severe respiratory failure caused by severe pulmonary hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-585
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric Critical Care Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac surgery
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Iatrogenic lung injury
  • Nitric oxide
  • Pulmonary hemorrhage
  • Surfactant


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