Super-resolved pure-transverse focal fields with an enhanced energy density through focus of an azimuthally polarized first-order vortex beam

Xiangping Li, Priyamvada Venugopalan, Haoran Ren, Minghui Hong, Min Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the experimental demonstration of super-resolved pure-transverse focal fields through focusing an azimuthally polarized first-order vortex (FOV) beam. The optimized confinement of focal fields by creating constructive interference through the superposition of the FOV on an azimuthally polarized beam is observed by both a scanning near-field microscope and a two-photon fluorescence microscope. An enhanced peak intensity of the focal spot by a factor of 1.8 has been observed compared with that of the unmodulated azimuthally polarized beam. The super-resolved and pure-transverse focal fields with a 31% reduced focal area determined by the fullwidth at half-maximum compared to that of tightly focused circular polarization is experimentally corroborated. This superiority over the circular polarization stands for any numerical aperture greater than 0.4. This technique holds the potential for applications requiring subwavelength resolution and pure-transverse fields such as highdensity optical data storage and high-resolution microscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5961-5964
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Volume39
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

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