Superior orders

Alexander Zahar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


A summary of the history of the defence of superior orders and of its present status in international criminal law. The author argues that its exclusion from the statutes of the ICTY and ICTR was an ill-informed decision, and that its partial-only restoration in the ICC statute represents a hesitation that is politically motivated and intellectually indefensible.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice
EditorsAntonio Cassese
Place of PublicationUK
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)9780199238316
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • defences
  • superior orders
  • ICTY
  • ICTR
  • ICC
  • mistake of law
  • command responsibility
  • war crimes
  • genocide
  • crimes against humanity


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