Surface activity patterns of macrofauna on pocket, tidal beaches

insights into the role of wrack and artificial lighting

Lucia Fanini*, Lauren E. Hughes, Roger Springthorpe, Louise Tosetto, Jim K. Lowry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study targets surface activity of mobile macrofauna on pocket tidal beaches, undergoing different human use. We considered two beaches in Pittwater (NSW, Australia): Tennis beach on Scotland Island features artificial structures and provided with artificial lighting, while Portuguese beach (Ku-Ring-Gai Chase National Park) is only accessible by boat and has no artificial structures. At each site we placed pitfall traps across the littoral zone, with replicates at an opposite tidal period. Traps were kept active for 24 hours and emptied every three hours. The beach-hopper Platorchestia smithi was dominant in abundance at both sites; however Portuguese had a higher species number, including the burrowing isopod Actaecia bipleura. Circular summaries and behavioural models were calculated for abundant species. We found two different activity peaks for adults (nocturnal) and juveniles (sunrise) of P. smithi, consistent across sites, and a complex, tide-related pattern for A. bipleura. We also remarked the relevance of wrack presence on the littoral: this factor was found to modulate the activities of specific categories of macrofauna, such as females and juveniles of P. smithi, and A. bipleura. Results finally indicated no effect of artificial lighting on surface activity of abundant beach species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-71
Number of pages9
JournalRegional Studies in Marine Science
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016

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Keywords

  • Littoral zone
  • Diversity
  • Tides
  • Wrack
  • Pocket beaches
  • Light

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