Surface morphology and structural types of natural impact apographitic diamonds

V. Kvasnytsya*, R. Wirth, S. Piazolo, D. E. Jacob, P. Trimby

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

External and internal morphologies of natural impact apographitic diamonds (paramorphoses) have been studied. The (0001) surface morphology of the paramorphoses reflects their phase composition and the structural relationship of its constituting phases. Growth and etch figures together with the elements of crystal symmetry of lonsdaleite and diamond are developed on these surfaces. The crystal size of lonsdaleite is up to 100 nm, and that of diamond is up to 300 nm. Two types of structural relations between graphite, lonsdaleite, and diamond in the paramorphoses are observed: the first type (black, black-gray, colorless and yellowish paramorphoses): the (0001) graphite face is parallel to the (100) lonsdaleite face and parallel to (111) diamond; the second type (milky-white paramorphoses): the (0001) graphite is parallel to the (100) lonsdaleite and parallel to the (112) diamond. The first type of the paramorphoses contains lonsdaleite, diamond, graphite or diamond, lonsdaleite, the second type of the paramorphoses contains predominantly diamond. The direct phase transition of graphite → lonsdaleite and/or graphite →diamond occurred in the paramorphoses of the first type. A successive phase transition graphite → lonsdaleite → diamond was observed in the paramorphoses of the second type. The structure of the paramorphoses of this type shows characteristic features of recrystallization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-84
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Superhard Materials
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

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