The aim of this study was to compare complications of surgery in arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) supplied by the middle cerebral artery (MCA) with and without a lenticulostriate arterial contribution. Ninety-two consecutive surgical resections of AVMs with an angiographically demonstrated MCA supply were performed between January 1989 and July 1996. Ten of these cases had a significant lenticulostriate arterial contribution. The cases were graded according to the Spetzler-Martin classification. There were no deaths and 43% of cases developed new major neurological deficit by the 3-month follow-up examination. All cases had angiographically confirmed obliteration of the AVM. There were no complications in 16 patients with Spetzler-Martin Grade I AVMs, one case of complications in 40 patients with Grade II AVMs, eight cases of complications in 26 patients with Grade III AVMs, and seven cases of complications in 10 patients with Grade IV and V AVMs. The supply of blood from lenticulostriate branches was associated with complications in eight of the 10 cases. The effect of the presence of a lenticulostriate arterial supply was most apparent in cases of Grade III AVMs: complications were experienced in three of 20 patients whose AVMs were not supplied by the arteries and in five of six patients whose AVMs were fed by the lenticulostriate arteries. This difference is significant (p < 0.0001). The conclusions drown from this study are that for Grade III AVMs, the presence of a lenticulostriate arterial supply can be considered a factor predictive of an increased risk of surgical complications.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Neurosurgery|
|Publication status||Published - May 1997|
- arteriovenous malformation
- grading systems
- lenticulostriate artery