Pancreatoduodenectomy for the treatment of periampullary cancer was described over 70 years ago. The technique has evolved in an attempt to improve the dismal prognosis for patients with pancreatic cancers. Radical regional resection has been proposed to decrease the incidence of local recurrence as well as to improve survival. These extended resections have failed to show a significant survival benefit in prospective randomized controlled studies. Furthermore, extended pancreatic resections may be associated with increased morbidity. The concept of modified en bloc resection has been advocated and is soundly based on anatomical and pathological principals. This procedure is a modification of the radical regional resection previously described. It involves resection of the peripancreatic retroperitoneal tissue and lymph nodes en bloc with the head of pancreas, in order to achieve an R0 resection but without the morbidity associated with an extended lymphadenectomy. Conceptually, this procedure may be the most appropriate technique for the management of pancreatic head cancers although the ultimate effect on long-term survival can only be judged after further clinical studies.
- En bloc resection
- Radical pancreatoduodenectomy