It is shown that inappropriately constructed random phase surrogates can give false-positive rejections of the surrogate null hypothesis. Specifically, the procedure erroneously indicated the presence of deterministic, nonlinear structure in a time series that was constructed by linearly filtering normally distributed random numbers. It is shown that the erroneous identification was due to numerical errors in the estimation of the signal's Fourier transform. In the example examined here, the introduction of data windowing into the algorithm eliminated the false-positive rejection of the null hypothesis. Additional guidelines for the use of surrogates are considered, and the results of a comparison test of random phase surrogates, Gaussian scaled surrogates and iterative surrogates are presented.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos in Applied Sciences and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2001|