Survey methodology

Adela Sobotkova, Shawn Ross

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The survey methods used by the Tundzha Regional Archaeology Project (TRAP) in both the Kazanlak and the Yambol study areas included intensive, extensive, and ‘adverse terrain’ survey. TRAP adopted this combination of methods to accurately and systematically document survey coverage across variable terrain. More specifically, these methods allowed us to survey a contiguous area, document surface distributions of archaeological material, and monitor survey intensity despite changing land cover and accessibility. A ‘site record’ was produced immediately in the field for readily identifiable features such as forts or burial mounds. Surface distributions of artefacts were interpreted into ‘sites’ post-facto with the help of GIS and pottery analysis. Spatial coverage of survey teams was documented digitally in the field, while associated environmental and archaeological data was recorded on paper forms for daily digitisation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Tundzha Regional Archaeology Project
Subtitle of host publicationSurface Survey, Palaeoecology, and Associated Studies in Central and Southeast Bulgaria, 2009-2015 Final Report
EditorsShawn Ross, Adela Sobotkova, Georgi Nekhrizov, Julia Tzvetkova, Simon Connor
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxbow Books
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781789250541
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

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  • site definition
  • survey methods
  • systematic pedestrian survey
  • total coverage


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