Sustainable decision-making through integrating Geographic Information Systems into the entire environmental impact assessment process

A. H. S. El-Gendawy, A. A. E. Othman, A. H. A. Mahmoud

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review


The physical environment in which our inhabitant and continuing existence depends on has limited resources, therefore current generations are responsible for using these resources efficiently, to achieve their objectives without compromising those of future generations. Rapid development and ill-informed decisions usually cause indefinable environmental degradation and ecological deterioration. The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process was developed to ensure protection and conservation of the environment and natural resources including human health aspects against uncontrolled development. Due to the dynamic characteristics and multivariate nature of the environment, it has often been difficult to collate, analyse and interpret its datasets. Overcoming these difficulties can be achieved with the application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and related technologies. GIS also offers a graphical presentation of the EIA study, through graphics and spatial analysis tools for supporting decision-making.
This research aims to investigate the integration of GIS into each stage of the EIA process, in addition to developing a conceptual framework to integrate GIS into the entire EIA process. The integration aims to facilitate the EIA process execution, improve data analysis, and assist decision-makers to make sound decisions as an attempt towards sustainable decision-making. To achieve this aim, a research methodology is designed to accomplish three objectives. First, build an in-depth understanding of the research topic by conducting an intensive literature review on EIA and GIS main concepts. Second, present and analyse examples where EIA practice benefited from GIS through analytic case studies. Third, propose an innovative decision-making framework through developing a conceptual framework for GIS integration into the entire EIA process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSB13 Cairo: Democratic transition and sustainable communities
Subtitle of host publicationovercoming challenges through innovative practical solutions: proceedings
EditorsWafaa Nadim
PublisherShaker Verlag GmbH
ISBN (Electronic)9783844023664
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventSustainable Building Conference (2013) - Cairo, Egypt
Duration: 5 Nov 20137 Nov 2013


ConferenceSustainable Building Conference (2013)
Abbreviated titleSB13


  • GIS
  • EIA
  • decision-making
  • environment
  • sustainable development


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