Synthesis and pharmacology of new psychoactive substance 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA, a scaffold- hopping analog of synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists 5F-CUMYL-PICA and 5F-CUMYL-PINACA

Samuel D. Banister*, Axel Adams, Richard C. Kevin, Christa Macdonald, Michelle Glass, Rochelle Boyd, Mark Connor, Iain S. McGregor, Christopher M. Havel, Stephen J. Bright, Mireia Ventura Vilamala, Cristina Gil Lladanosa, Monica J. Barratt, Roy R. Gerona

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) are a dynamic class of new psychoactive substances (NPS), with novel chemotypes emerging each year. Following the putative detection of 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA in Australia in 2016, the scaffold-hopping SCRAs 5F-CUMYL-PICA, 5F-CUMYL-PINACA, and 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA were synthesized and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS), and liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight–MS (LC–QTOF–MS). Since little is known of the pharmacology of 7-azaindole SCRAs like 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA, the binding affinities and functional activities of all compounds at cannabinoid type 1 and type 2 receptors (CB1 and CB2, respectively) were assessed using tritiated radioligand competition experiments and fluorescence-based plate reader membrane potential assays. Despite CB1 binding affinities differing by over two orders of magnitude (Ki = 2.95–174 nM), all compounds were potent and efficacious CB1 agonists (EC50 = 0.43–4.7 nM), with consistent rank order for binding and functional activity (5F-CUMYL-PINACA >5F-CUMYL-PICA >5F-CUMYL-P7AICA). Additionally, 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA was found to exert potent cannabimimetic effects in mice, inducing hypothermia (6°C, 3 mg/kg) through a CB1-dependent mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-291
Number of pages13
JournalDrug Testing and Analysis
Volume11
Issue number2
Early online date27 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • cannabinoid
  • mass spectrometry
  • P7AICA
  • pharmacology
  • PINACA

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