Synthesis and surface immobilization of antibacterial hybrid silver-poly(l-lactide) nanoparticles

Shima Taheri, Grit Baier, Peter Majewski, Mary Barton, Renate Förch, Katharina Landfester, Krasimir Vasilev

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infections associated with medical devices are a substantial healthcare problem. Consequently, there has been increasing research and technological efforts directed toward the development of coatings that are capable of preventing bacterial colonization of the device surface. Herein, we report on novel hybrid silver loaded poly(L-lactic acid) nanoparticles (PLLA-AgNPs) with narrowly distributed sizes (17 ± 3 nm) prepared using a combination of solvent evaporation and mini-emulsion technology. These particles were then immobilized onto solid surfaces premodified with a thin layer of allylamine plasma polymer (AApp). The antibacterial efficacy of the PLLA-AgNPs nanoparticles was studied in vitro against both gram-positive (Staphylococcus epidermidis) and gram-negative (Escherichia coli) bacteria. The minimal inhibitory concentration values against Staphylococcus epidermidis and Escherichia coli were 0.610 and 1.156 μg•mL-1, respectively. The capacity of the prepared coatings to prevent bacterial surface colonization was assessed in the presence of Staphylococcus epidermidis, which is a strong biofilm former that causes substantial problems with medical device associated infections. The level of inhibition of bacterial growth was 98%. The substrate independent nature and the high antibacterial efficacy of coatings presented in this study may offer new alternatives for antibacterial coatings for medical devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number305102
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalNanotechnology
Volume25
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • antibacterial coating
  • hybrid nanoparticles
  • immobilization
  • poly(L-lactic acid)
  • silver nanoparticles

Cite this

Taheri, S., Baier, G., Majewski, P., Barton, M., Förch, R., Landfester, K., & Vasilev, K. (2014). Synthesis and surface immobilization of antibacterial hybrid silver-poly(l-lactide) nanoparticles. Nanotechnology, 25(30), 1-11. [305102]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/25/30/305102