Synthesis and toxicology of p-phosphonic acid calixarenes and O-alkylated analogues as potential calixarene-based phospholipids

Adam D. Martin, Emma Houlihan, Natalie Morellini, Paul K. Eggers, Eliza James, Keith A. Stubbs, Alan R. Harvey, Melinda Fitzgerald, Colin L. Raston, Sarah A. Dunlop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of p‐phosphonic acid calix[n]arenes 1 a–g bearing hydroxy groups, n=4 and 5, or alkyl chains of varying lengths at their lower rim, n=4, were synthesised, and in vitro assessments of their effect on cell viability in rat PC12 cells and primary cultures of mixed retinal cells were conducted. Compounds 1 a and 1 g, bearing hydroxy groups at their lower rim, displayed lower toxicity towards PC12 cells than their alkylated counterparts; concentrations of up to 1 mg mL−1 did not affect the number of viable cells. Mixed retinal cultures showed a higher susceptibility towards toxic effects for all calixarenes tested. Compound 1 b self‐assembles into nanofibres from a toluene solution, and 1 c assembles into micelles from an aqueous solution, with these nanoscale architectures showing potential applications for various biological roles, such as solubilising p‐nitrophenol and curcumin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-313
Number of pages6
JournalChemPlusChem
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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