In this article, a simple and novel photochemical synthesis of different gold nanostructures is proposed using solar radiation. This method is rapid, convenient and of low cost, and can be performed under ambient conditions. By adjusting the concentration of sodium acetate (NaAc), different morphologies of the products can be easily obtained. Without NaAc, the products obtained are mainly polyhedral gold particles; lower concentration of NaAc (0.05 and 0.1 M) accelerates the formation of flowerlike gold nanostructures; while higher concentration of NaAc (0.5 M) facilitates the formation of a variety of gold nanowires and nanobelts. It is found that the morphology change of gold nanaostructures is the result of the synergistic effect of poly(diallyl dimethylammonium) chloride (PDDA), Ac- ions, and the pH value. In addition, the different gold nanostructures thus obtained were used as substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) with p-aminothiophenol (p-ATP) as the probe molecule. In comparison, the flowerlike gold nanostructures show stronger SERS effect than the other gold nanostructures, which is associated with their unique geometrical shapes providing highly localized electromagnetic (EM) field for the optical enhancement to the probe molecules. These gold nanostructures, with different geometrical shapes, might have potential applications in the areas of photonics, optoelectronics and optical sensing.
- Gold nanostructures
- Poly(diallyl dimethylammonium) chloride (PDDA)
- Solar radiation