Purpose: The efficacy of cytoreductive surgery combined with perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal carcinoma remains to be established. Methods: A systematic review of relevant studies before March 2006 was performed. Two reviewers independently appraised each study using a predetermined protocol. The quality of studies was assessed. Clinical effectiveness was synthesized through a narrative review with full tabulation of results of all included studies. Results: Two randomized controlled trials, one comparative study, one multi-institutional registry study, and 10 most recent case-series studies were evaluated. The level of evidence was low in 13 of the 14 eligible studies. The median survival varied from 13 to 29 months, and 5-year survival rates ranged from 11% to 19%. Patients who received complete cytoreduction benefited most, with median survival varying from 28 to 60 months and 5-year survival ranging from 22% to 49%. The overall morbidity rate varied from 23% to 44%, and the mortality rate ranged from 0% to 12%. Conclusion: The current evidence suggests that cytoreductive surgery combined with perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy is associated with an improved survival, as compared with systemic chemotherapy for peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal carcinoma.