Tablet use affects preschoolers’ executive function: fNIRS evidence from the Dimensional Change Card Sort Task

Philip Li*, Dandan Wu, Jinfeng Yang, Jiutong Luo, Sha Xie, Chunqi Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study aims to examine the impact of heavy use of tablets on preschoolers’ executive function during the Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS) task using the functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Altogether, 38 Chinese preschoolers (Mage = 5.0 years, SD = 0.69 years, 17 girls) completed the tasks before the COVID-19 lockdown. Eight children never used tablets, while 16 children were diagnosed as the ‘heavy-user’. The results indicated that: (1) the ‘non-user’ outperformed the ‘heavy-user’ with a significantly higher correct rate in the DCCS task; (2) the two groups differed significantly in the activation of the prefrontal cortex (BA 9): the ‘non-user’ pattern is normal and healthy, whereas the ‘heavy-user’ pattern is not normal and needs further exploration.
Original languageEnglish
Article number567
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2021. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • pad use
  • executive function
  • fNIRS evidence
  • Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS) task
  • preschoolers

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Tablet use affects preschoolers’ executive function: fNIRS evidence from the Dimensional Change Card Sort Task'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this