This article examines literature published since 1997 on functional behaviour assessment (FBA) and behaviour intervention plans (BIPs), involving school-based personnel, for children identified as having or being at risk of emotional/behavioural disorder (E/BD) in school settings. Of interest was the level of involvement of schoolbased personnel in the FBA and BIP processes, intervention efficacy, the social validity of assessment and intervention, and intervention treatment integrity. Results indicate that involvement of school-based personnel in all FBA processes and BIP design was not common practice. FBA-based BIPs were found to be effective in reducing problem behaviours targeted for change for the majority of student participants. Social validity and treatment integrity measures, when reported, were high. Issues of training and barriers to successful application are discussed.