Teaching peer review reflective processes in accounting

Sue Taylor, Mary Ryan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


A well designed peer review process in higher education subjects can lead to more confident and reflective learners who become skilled at making independent judgements of their own and others’ work; essential requirements for successful lifelong learning. The challenge for educators is to ensure their students gain these important graduate attributes within the constraints of a range of internal and external tensions currently facing higher education systems, including, respectively, the realities of large undergraduate Accounting subjects, culturally diverse and time-poor academics and students, and increased calls for public accountability of the Higher Education sector by groups such as the OECD. Innovative curriculum and assessment design and collaborative technologies have the capacity to simultaneously provide some measure of relief from these internal and external tensions and to position students as responsible partners in their own learning, This chapter reports on a two phase implementation of an online peer review process as part of the assessment in a large, under-graduate, International Accounting class. Phase One did not include explicit reflective strategies within the process, and anonymous and voluntary student views served to clearly highlight that students were ‘confused’ and ‘hesitant’ about moving away from their own ideas; often mistrusting the conflicting advice received from multiple peer reviewers. A significant number of students also felt that they did not have the skills to constructively review the work of their peers. Phase Two consequently utilised the combined power of e-Technology, peer review feedback and carefully scaffolded and supported reflective practices from Ryan and Ryan’s Teaching and Assessing Reflective Learning (TARL) model (see Chap.2). Students found the reflective skills support workshop introduced in Phase Two to be highly useful in maximising the benefits of the peer review process, with 83 % reporting it supported them in writing peerreviews, while 90 % of the respondents reporting the workshop supported them in utilising peer and staff feedback.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTeaching reflective learning in higher education
Subtitle of host publicationa systematic approach using pedagogic patterns
EditorsMary Elizabeth Ryan
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9783319092713
ISBN (Print)9783319092706
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


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