Technetium-99m teboroxime regional myocardial washout in subjects with and without coronary artery disease

Terrance Chua, Hosen Kiat*, Guido Germano, Walter Palmas, Kent Takemoto, John Friedman, Daniel S. Berman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that regional myocardial washout of technetium-99m teboroxime is slowed in the presence of coronary stenosis. Washout was assessed in 33 catheterized patients and in 13 with a low likelihood of coronary artery disease, using a triple detector camera and dynamic single-photon emission computed tomography, with serial 1-minute acquisitions after injection of 20 to 25 mCi of teboroxime at the third minute of adenosine-induced hyperemia. Washout was measured as the percent change in counts between the first, second and third minutes after injection, as measured in 6 short-axis myocardial regions of interest. Myocardial regions were classified as ischemic (≥50% diameter stenosis and no prior myocardial infarct), infarcted, normal (no significant coronary stenosis) or "low likelihood" (from the 13 patients with a low likelihood of coronary artery disease). Teboroxime washout was significantly (p < 0.001) slowed in the ischemic myocardium (12.7 ± 8.3%) compared with the normal (18.5 ± 5.7%), low-likelihood (17.8 ± 6.1%) and infarcted (17.8 ± 4.4%) zones. There was regional variability in washout rates (% washout/min), with the anterior wall having the lowest (13.8 ± 3.4%/ min) and the inferior wall the highest (20.7 ± 7.9%/ min) values. In regard to individual coronary territories, 21 of 41 ischemic, noninfarcted territories (51%) had abnormal washout compared with 3 of 43 normal territories (7%) (p = 0.001). In conclusion, regional washout of teboroxime is detectably slowed in ischemic, noninfarcted myocardium. The clinical value of washout analysis in teboroxime single-photon emission computed tomography warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-734
Number of pages7
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume72
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 1993
Externally publishedYes

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