Tectonic implications and seismicity triggering during the 2008 Baluchistan, Pakistan earthquake sequence

R. B. S. Yadav, V. K. Gahalaut, Sumer Chopra, Bin Shan

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A damaging and widely felt moderate earthquake (Mw 6.4) hit the rural, mountainous region of southwestern Pakistan on October 28, 2008. The main shock was followed by another earthquake of identical magnitude (Mw 6.4) on the next day. The spatial distribution of aftershocks and focal mechanism revealed a NW-SE striking rupture with right-lateral strike-slip motion which is sympathetic to the NNW-SSE striking active mapped Urghargai Fault. The occurrence of strike-slip earthquakes suggests that along with the thrust faults, strike slip faults too are present beneath the fold-and-thrust belt of Sulaiman-Kirthar ranges and accommodates some of the relative motion of the Indian and Eurasian plates.To assess the characteristics of this sequence, the statistical parameters like aftershocks temporal decay, b-value of G-R relationship, partitioning of radiated seismic energy due to aftershocks, and spatial fractal dimension (D-value) have been examined. The b-value is estimated as 1.03. ±. 0.42 and suggests the tectonic genesis of the sequence and crustal heterogeneity within rock mass. The low p-value of 0.89. ±. 0.07 implies slow decay of aftershocks activity which is probably an evidence for low surface heat flow. A value of spatial fractal dimension of 2.08. ±. 0.02 indicates random spatial distribution and that the source is a two-dimensional plane filled-up by fractures.The static coseismic Coulomb stress changes due to the foreshock (Mw 5.3) were found to increase stress by more than 0.04. bars at the hypocenter of the main shock, thus promoting the failure. The cumulative coseismic Coulomb stress changes due to the foreshock and mainshocks suggest that most of the aftershocks occurred in the region of increased Coulomb stress, and to the SE to the mainshock rupture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-178
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B-Value
  • Baluchistan (Pakistan) earthquake
  • Coulomb failure stress
  • Modified Bath's law
  • Omori law

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