For a long time, it was widely considered that human occupation was impossible in the Nile Delta prior to the Dynastic Period. However, geological and archaeological research conducted during the past two decades has shown that the current Nile Delta conditions already existed during the 6th millenium BC (Stanley and Warne 1993). Although little is known of the role played by the region in the process of the Neolothization of Egypt, due to the high sedimentation rate of the area, the major cultural changes of the 4th millennium BC were brought to light at the key sites of Maadi and Buto, which gave their name to a specific Lower Egyptian Culture: "Maadi-Buto". Ongoing excavations at Tell el-Farkha, initiated by the Polish mission 16 years ago, have contributed to a renewed vision of Lower Egyptian society during the 4th millennium BC. This paper is devoted to the French excavation at Tell el-Iswid (2006-2009) and should be considered as a friendly message from the Iswid team to Krysztof Ciałowicz and our colleagues from Tell el-Farkha.
|Title of host publication||Aegyptus est imago caeli|
|Subtitle of host publication||studies presented to Krzysztof M. Ciałowicz on his 60th birthday|
|Editors||Mariusz A. Jucha, Joanna Dębowska-Ludwin, Piotr Kołodziejczyk|
|Place of Publication||Krakow, Poland|
|Publisher||Institute of Archaeology, Jagiellonian University in Krakow|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|