Temperature dependence of [100](010) and [001](010) dislocation mobility in natural olivine

Lin Wang*, Stephan Blaha, Zsanett Pintér, Robert Farla, Takaaki Kawazoe, Nobuyoshi Miyajima, Katsuyoshi Michibayashi, Tomoo Katsura

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dislocation recovery experiments were conducted on pre-deformed olivine single crystals at 1450 to 1760 K, room pressure, and oxygen partial pressures near the Ni–NiO buffer to determine the annihilation rates for [100] and [001] dislocations on the (010) plane. Olivine single crystals were first deformed to activate the desired slip systems under simple shear geometry and then annealed at target conditions. The edge and screw dislocations with Burgers vectors, b, of [100] and [001], respectively, both elongated in the [001] direction were produced by the deformation. The dislocation annihilation rate constants of both types of dislocations are identical within 0.3 log unit. The activation energies for both dislocations are also identical, i.e., ∼400 kJ/mol, which is also identical to that of the Si self-diffusion coefficient. This correspondence suggests that olivine dislocation creep controlled by a diffusion-controlled process under low-stress and high-temperature conditions. This study offers a potential insight into the formation of AG-type fabric in olivine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-90
Number of pages10
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume441
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dislocation recovery
  • olivine fabric
  • seismic anisotropy
  • slip system
  • temperature dependence

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