Testing the feasibility of a knowledge translation intervention designed to improve chiropractic care for adults with neck pain disorders

Study protocol for a pilot cluster-randomized controlled trial

Prakash Dhopte, Sara Ahmed, Nancy Mayo, Simon French, Jeffrey A. Quon, André Bussières*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Neck pain in adults is common and a leading cause of physical disability. Recently, a guideline was developed for the management of non-specific neck pain (NSNP) with an aim to improve the quality of the delivery of chiropractic care. One key guideline recommendation is to undertake multimodal care for patients with NSNP. The aim of this pilot study is to determine the feasibility of implementing a multifaceted knowledge translation intervention by promoting the use of multimodal care by chiropractors managing patients with NSNP. Methods/design: The design is a cluster-randomized controlled pilot and feasibility trial. Chiropractors in private practice in Canada will be approached to participate in the study. Thirty consenting chiropractors will be randomized to receive either a theory-based educational intervention in the experimental group or simply a printed copy of the guideline in the control group. Each chiropractor will recruit five neck pain patients (a total of 150 patients) into the study. Development of the multifaceted intervention was informed by the results of a related qualitative study based on the Theoretical Domains Framework and consists of a series of three webinars, two online case scenarios, a self-management video on Brief Action Planning, and a printed copy of the practice guideline. Primary feasibility outcomes for both chiropractors and patients include rates of (1) recruitment, (2) retention, and (3) adherence to the intervention. A checklist of proxy measures embedded within patient encounter forms will be used to assess chiropractors' compliance with guideline recommendations (e.g. exercise and self-care prescriptions) at study onset and at 3months. Secondary outcomes include scores of behavioural constructs (level of knowledge and self-efficacy) for recommended multimodal care. Clinical outcomes include pain intensity and neck pain-specific disability. Analyses from this study will focus on generating point estimates and corresponding 95% confidence intervals for parameters of a priori interest (recruitment, retention, adherence, pain intensity, Neck Disability Index). Discussion: Results of this study will inform the design of a larger cluster-randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of the theory-based tailored intervention and increasing the use of multimodal care by chiropractors managing patients with NSNP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number33
Number of pages11
JournalPilot and Feasibility Studies
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2016. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • neck pain
  • knowledge translation
  • chiropractors
  • clinical practice guidelines
  • multimodal care
  • Brief Action Planning
  • feasibility outcomes
  • cluster-randomized controlled trial

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