The 2175 Å extinction feature in the optical afterglow spectrum of GRB 180325A at z=2.25

T. Zafar, K. E. Heintz, J. P. U. Fynbo, D. Malesani, J. Bolmer, C. Ledoux, M. Arabsalmani, L. Kaper, S. Campana, R. L. C. Starling, J. Selsing, D. A. Kann, A. de Ugarte Postigo, T. Schweyer, L. Christensen, P. Møller, J. Japelj, D. Perley, N. R. Tanvir, P. D'Avanzo & 9 others D. H. Hartmann, J. Hjorth, S. Covino, B. Sbarufatti, P. Jakobsson, L. Izzo, R. Salvaterra, V. D'Elia, D. Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ultraviolet (UV) extinction feature at 2175 Å is ubiquitously observed in the Galaxy but is rarely detected at high redshifts. Here we report the spectroscopic detection of the 2175 Å bump on the sightline to the γ-ray burst (GRB) afterglow GRB 180325A at z = 2.2486, the only unambiguous detection over the past 10 years of GRB follow-up, at four different epochs with the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) and the Very Large Telescope (VLT)/X-shooter. Additional photometric observations of the afterglow are obtained with the Gamma-Ray burst Optical and Near-Infrared Detector (GROND). We construct the near-infrared to X-ray spectral energy distributions (SEDs) at four spectroscopic epochs. The SEDs are well described by a single power law and an extinction law with R V ≈ 4.4, A V ≈ 1.5, and the 2175 Å extinction feature. The bump strength and extinction curve are shallower than the average Galactic extinction curve. We determine a metallicity of [Zn/H] > −0.98 from the VLT/X-shooter spectrum. We detect strong neutral carbon associated with the GRB with equivalent width of W r(λ 1656) = 0.85 ± 0.05. We also detect optical emission lines from the host galaxy. Based on the Hα emission-line flux, the derived dust-corrected star formation rate is ~46 ± 4 M ⊙ yr−1 and the predicted stellar mass is log M */M ⊙ ~ 9.3 ± 0.4, suggesting that the host galaxy is among the main-sequence star-forming galaxies.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberL21
Number of pages7
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume860
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dust, extinction
  • galaxies: ISM
  • gamma-ray burst: general
  • gamma-ray burst: individual (GRB 180325A)

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