The 2.65 Ga A-type granite in the northeastern Yangtze craton: Petrogenesis and geological implications

Guangyan Zhou, Yuanbao Wu*, Shan Gao, Jianzhou Yang, Jianping Zheng, Zhengwei Qin, Hao Wang, Saihong Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)


The presence of old residual continental crustal rocks in cratons is crucial for investigation of their early evolution. Due to the poor exposure of Archean rocks, the early evolution of the Yangtze Craton has not been well constrained yet. In this study, a combined study of zircon U-Pb and Hf-O isotopes, as well as whole rock major and trace elements and Nd isotopes have been conducted for a granite pluton at Huji town, in the northern part of the Yangtze Craton. U-Pb dating for magmatic zircons yielded a weighted mean age of 2656±6 Ma, revealing another Archean outcrop in the Yangtze Craton besides the Kongling terrane. The granite samples show relatively evaluated (K2O+Na2O)/CaO, TFeO/MgO ratios, and Zr, Nb, Ce, Ga and Y contents, sharing the same features as the A-type granite. They have pronounced Eu, Sr and Ba negative anomalies on the primitive mantle-normalized trace element spidergram, implying the residual of plagioclase in the magma sources. Their high Zr contents of 440-529ppm correspond to initial magma temperatures of 930-962°C. The zircons have negative e{open}Hf(t) values of -2.7 to 0.1, and Hf model ages of ca. 3.2 Ga, respectively. The δ18O values of the zircons range between 4.94 and 5.72‰ and give an average of 5.26±0.14‰, suggesting no contribution of supracrustal rock into the host magma. Therefore, the Hf model ages indicate the generation of the Huji granite by reworking of ca. 3.2 Ga juvenile crustal rocks. Combined with previous studies, the finding of the Neoarchean Huji granites with ca. 3.2 Ga Hf model ages suggests the widespread of Archean basement in the Yangtze Craton. The occurrence of the ca. 2.65 Ga Huji granites likely records the thermally stable lithosphere and thus heralds the craton stabilization of the eastern part of the Yangtze Block.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-259
Number of pages13
JournalPrecambrian Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • A-type granite
  • Archean magmatism
  • Craton stabilization
  • Early evaluation
  • Yangtze Craton


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